Sonography is being considered for the screening of women at high risk for breast cancer. We are developing computerized detection methods to aid in the localization of lesions on breast ultrasound images. The detection scheme presented here is based on the analysis of posterior acoustic shadowing, since posterior acoustic shadowing is observed for many malignant lesions. The method uses a nonlinear filtering technique based on the skewness of the gray level distribution within a kernel of image data. The database used in this study included 400 breast ultrasound cases (757 images) consisting of complicated cysts, solid benign lesions, and malignant lesions. At a false-positive rate of 0.25 false positives per image, a detection sensitivity of 80% by case (66% by image) was achieved for malignant lesions. The performance for the overall database (at 0.25 false positives per image) was less at 42% sensitivity by case (30% by image) due to the more limited presence of posterior acoustic shadowing for benign solid lesions and the presence of posterior acoustic enhancement for cysts. Our computerized method for the detection of lesion shadows alerts radiologists to lesions that exhibit posterior acoustic shadowing. While this is not a characterization method, its performance is best for lesions that exhibit posterior acoustic shadowing such as malignant and, to a lesser extent, benign solid lesions. This method, in combination with other computerized sonographic detection methods, may ultimately help facilitate the use of ultrasound for breast cancer screening.
- Breast sonography
- Computer-aided diagnosis
- Lesion detection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging