Concurrent infantile pneumomediastinum and pneumoperitoneum

Meghan A. Arnold, Kyaw S. Mon, Fizan Abdullah*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Pneumomediastinum in an infant is uncommon, and most literature on the subject is anecdotal or retrospective. Concurrent pneumomediastinum and pneumoperitoneum in an infant is even more unusual. We report the case of a 7-month-old infant with longchain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency who was admitted to the hospital because of respiratory failure and in whom radiographs revealed simultaneous pneumomediastinum and pneumoperitoneum. Benign findings at the abdominal examination and the presence of pneumomediastinum in the setting of assisted mechanical ventilation led to the diagnosis of air dissection syndrome. We review the radiographic findings associated with air dissection syndrome and discuss the management of concurrent nonsurgical pneumomediastinum and pneumoperitoneum in an infant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)197-199
Number of pages3
JournalArchives of Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2008

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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