Conditions for compaction and shear bands in a transversely isotropic material

J. W. Rudnicki*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


This paper derives conditions for localized deformation for a transversely isotropic constitutive relation intended to model the response of geological materials in the axisymmetric compression test. The analysis considers the possibility of shear bands, with dilation or compaction, and pure compaction bands. The latter are planar zones of localized pure compressive deformation (without shear) that form perpendicular to the direction of the maximum principal compressive stress. Compaction bands have been observed in porous rock in the field and in the laboratory. They are predicted to occur when the incremental tangent modulus for uniaxial deformation vanishes. The critical value of the tangent modulus E for constant lateral stress is -9Kvr/2, where v is the negative of the ratio of increments of lateral to axial deformation (at constant lateral stress), r is the ratio of axial to lateral stress increments causing zero axial deformation, and K is the modulus relating increments of lateral stress and deformation. The expression for the critical tangent modulus for shear band formation is more complex and depends, in addition to r, v, and K, on the shear moduli G1 and Gt, governing increments of shear in planes parallel and perpendicular to the axis of symmetry, respectively. Uncertainty about material parameters prevents a detailed comparison with observations but the results are consistent with observations of low angle shear bands (with normals less than 45° from the symmetry axis) for compressive volumetric strain (v < 1/2). In addition, the critical tangent modulus for such bands may be positive if G1 and Gt are small relative to K and r is around unity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3741-3756
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
Issue number13-14
StatePublished - Jul 3 2002


  • Compaction
  • Geomaterials
  • Localization
  • Shear bands
  • Transverse isotropy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'Conditions for compaction and shear bands in a transversely isotropic material'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this