Conditions for crack kinking under stress-wave loading

J. D. Achenbach*, M. K. Kuo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Kinking of a crack in a prestressed body under the influence of incident stress waves is investigated on the basis of the balance of rates of energies. It is assumed that the crack tip will choose to propagate at a time, in a direction, and at a speed for which the energy flux into the propagating crack tip attains a maximum value with respect to variation of the kinking angle. It is shown that the balance of rates of energies implies that the crack tip speed is zero at the onset of fracture. Consequently, the conditions for the onset of crack kinking and for the computation of the kinking time and kinking angle are completely defined by the elastodynamic field around the original crack tip. Examples of the incidence of step stress waves on a semiinfinite crack in a prestressed body have been investigated. It is shown that for an incident antiplane wave with Mode III fracture, kinking is generally not possible. For an incident inplane wave with mixed Mode I-II fracture, kinking may happen. For that case curves are presented which relate the kinking time and the kinking angle to the state of prestress and to the parameters of the incident wave.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-180
Number of pages16
JournalEngineering Fracture Mechanics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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