Background: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is increasingly used to treat severe aortic stenosis. A frequent complication of TAVR is high-grade or complete atrioventricular (AV) block requiring a permanent pacemaker (PPM). There are little data on the long-term dependency on pacing after TAVR. The objective of this study was to determine the proportion of patients receiving a PPM for high-grade or complete AV block after TAVR who remain dependent on the PPM in follow-up and to determine any risk factors for, particularly the effect of postballoon dilation (PBD) on, pacemaker dependency. Methods: Of 594 consecutive patients without prior PPM undergoing TAVR (81.9% balloon-expandable, 18.1% self-expandable valve), 67 (13.1%) received a PPM after TAVR. PPM dependency was defined as AV block with a ventricular escape rate of ≤ 40 beats/min. Patient and procedural characteristics were examined according to PPM dependency status. Results: Of the 67 patients who received a PPM within 10 days after TAVR, 27/67 (40.3%) were dependent at first follow-up and only 9/41 (21.9%) at 1 year. PPM dependency was more common after a self-expanding valve (76.9% vs 31.5%, P < 0.01), in those who underwent PBD (66.7% vs 24.4%, P < 0.01), and in patients in persistent complete AV block at PPM implantation (62.5% vs 7.4%, P < 0.01). Conclusions: Fewer than half of patients who receive a new PPM following TAVR are pacemaker dependent at early follow-up (< 30 days). The use of self-expanding valves and PBD are associated with a markedly increased risk of PPM dependency.
- conduction recovery
- postballoon dilation
- transcatheter aortic valve replacement
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine