CONFINED COMPRESSION TESTS OF CEMENT PASTE AND CONCRETE UP TO 300 KSI.

Zdenek P. Bazant*, Finley C. Bishop, Ta Peng Chang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tests of cylindrical specimens of 0. 75 in. diameter up to 300,000 psi axial compression stress have been conducted for hardened portland cement paste as well as concrete with 3/8 in. aggregate. The specimens tightly fit into a cylindrical cavity in a pressure vessel and are loaded axially by a hard piston. The pressure vessel is very stiff, forcing the lateral expansion of specimens to be so small that the strain is almost uniaxial. Sophisticated analysis is used to evaluate material properties from measurements of force and displacement on the loading piston outside the test cavity. The results indicate that an initial decrease of the tangent modulus is followed by a continuous increase reaching values that exceed the initial modulus. This stiffening is attributed to pore closure. Unloading and reloading reveals relatively low hysteresis at these high pressures. Creep is found to exist at these high pressures, with a similar value of creep coefficient as that applicable for the service stress range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)553-560
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Concrete Institute
Volume83
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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