Congenital coxa vara. A retrospective review

James Neil Weinstein, K. N. Kuo*, E. A. Millar

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    59 Scopus citations


    Forty-two cases of coxa vara were retrospectively reviewed. All 42 cases were classified based on their history and roentgenographic appearance. Twenty-two cases of true congenital coxa vara were identified and are the primary focus of this review. In this study we have introduced the Hilgen-reiner epiphyseal (HE) angle as measured on standard AP roentgenograms of the hip. Retrospectively, this angle was measured to aid in deciding candidacy for surgery, as well as a means of determining the amount of surgical correction necessary to prevent a recurrence of the deformity. The indication for surgery should be an HE angle of greater than 60°. HE angles of less than 60° and greater than 45° represent a “gray zone” and should be observed. HE angles of less than 45° will generally correct spontaneously without surgery.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)70-77
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Pediatric Orthopaedics
    Issue number1
    StatePublished - Jan 1 1984


    • Congenital coxa vara
    • Hilgenreiner epiphyseal angle
    • Prognosis

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
    • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


    Dive into the research topics of 'Congenital coxa vara. A retrospective review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this