Connectivity strength, time lag structure and the epilepsy network in resting-state fMRI

S. Kathleen Bandt*, Pierre Besson, Ben Ridley, Francesca Pizzo, Romain Carron, Jean Regis, Fabrice Bartolomei, Jean Philippe Ranjeva, Maxime Guye

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The relationship between the epilepsy network, intrinsic brain networks and hypersynchrony in epilepsy remains incompletely understood. To converge upon a synthesized understanding of these features, we studied two elements of functional connectivity in epilepsy: correlation and time lag structure using resting state fMRI data from both SEEG-defined epileptic brain regions and whole-brain fMRI analysis. Functional connectivity (FC) was analyzed in 15 patients with epilepsy and 36 controls. Correlation strength and time lag were selected to investigate the magnitude of and temporal interdependency across brain regions. Zone-based analysis was carried out investigating directed correlation strength and time lag between both SEEG-defined nodes of the epilepsy network and between the epileptogenic zone and all other brain regions. Findings were compared between patients and controls and against a functional atlas. FC analysis on the nodal and whole brain levels identifies consistent patterns of altered correlation strength and altered time lag architecture in epilepsy patients compared to controls. These patterns include 1) broadly distributed increased strength of correlation between the seizure onset node and the remainder of the brain, 2) decreased time lag within the seizure onset node, and 3) globally increased time lag throughout all regions of the brain not involved in seizure onset or propagation. Comparing the topographic distribution of findings against a functional atlas, all resting state networks were involved to a variable degree. These local and whole brain findings presented here lead us to propose the network steal hypothesis as a possible mechanistic explanation for the non-seizure clinical manifestations of epilepsy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102035
JournalNeuroImage: Clinical
Volume24
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

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Keywords

  • Epilepsy network
  • Functional connectivity
  • Resting state networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Cite this

Bandt, S. K., Besson, P., Ridley, B., Pizzo, F., Carron, R., Regis, J., Bartolomei, F., Ranjeva, J. P., & Guye, M. (2019). Connectivity strength, time lag structure and the epilepsy network in resting-state fMRI. NeuroImage: Clinical, 24, [102035]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2019.102035