CONQUER Scleroderma: Association of gastrointestinal tract symptoms in early disease with resource utilization

Sarah Luebker, Tracy M. Frech, Shervin Assassi, Brian Skaug, Jessica K. Gordon, Kimberly Lakin, Elana J. Bernstein, Yiming Luo, Virginia D. Steen, Ami A. Shah, Laura K. Hummers, Carrie Richardson, Duncan F. Moore, Dinesh Khanna, Flavia V. Castelino, Lorinda Chung, Puneet Kapoor, Faye N. Hant, Victoria K. Shanmugam, John M. VanburenJessica Alvey, Monica Harding, Ankoor Shah, Ashima Makol, Dorota Lebiedz-Odrobina, Julie K. Thomas, Elizabeth R. Volkmann, Jerry A. Molitor, Nora Sandorfi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: SSc is associated with increased health-care resource utilization and economic burden. The Collaborative National Quality and Efficacy Registry (CONQUER) is a US-based collaborative that collects longitudinal follow-up data on SSc patients with <5 years of disease duration enrolled at scleroderma centres in the USA. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between gastrointestinal tract symptoms and self-reported resource utilization in CONQUER participants. Methods: CONQUER participants who had completed a baseline and 12-month Gastrointestinal Tract Questionnaire (GIT 2.0) and a Resource Utilization Questionnaire (RUQ) were included in this analysis. Patients were categorized by total GIT 2.0 severity: none-to-mild (0-0.49); moderate (0.50-1.00), and severe-to-very severe (1.01-3.00). Clinical features and medication exposures were examined in each of these categories. The 12-month RUQ responses were summarized by GIT 2.0 score categories at 12 months. Results: Among the 211 CONQUER participants who met the inclusion criteria, most (64%) had mild GIT symptoms, 26% had moderate symptoms, and 10% severe GIT symptoms at 12 months. The categorization of GIT total severity score by RUQ showed that more upper endoscopy procedures and inpatient hospitalization occurred in the CONQUER participants with severe GIT symptoms. These patients with severe GIT symptoms also reported the use of more adaptive equipment. Conclusion: This report from the CONQUER cohort suggests that severe GIT symptoms result in more resource utilization. It is especially important to understand resource utilization in early disease cohorts when disease activity, rather than damage, primarily contributes to health-related costs of SSc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3433-3438
Number of pages6
JournalRheumatology (United Kingdom)
Volume62
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2023

Keywords

  • SSc
  • gastrointestinal tract
  • health outcomes
  • health status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Rheumatology

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