Consensus interferon used to treat prior partial-responders to pegylated interferon plus ribavirin

Christopher M. Moore, Magdalena George, David H. Van Thiel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The response to pegylated interferon (peg-IFN) plus ribavirin therapy remains less than ideal with 40-50% of treated subjects failing to clear the virus. Moreover, retreatment is only minimally effective. Consensus interferon (c-IFN) has been shown to be efficacious in HCV genotype 1 patients who have failed therapy with peg-IFN. Aim: To evaluated the response to re-treatment of peg-IFN plus ribavirin partial-responders with c-IFN plus ribavirin. Methods: Forty-two subjects who had previously failed to clear virus after treatment with peg-IFN plus ribavirin were treated with c-IFN (15 μg/day) plus ribavirin (800-1,200 mg/day) until 12 months of therapy or a total of six consecutive months of PCR negativity was achieved. Results: The study population consisted predominantly of males (71%), Caucasians (76%), with African Americans comprising the remaining 24%, subjects with HCV genotype 1 infection (81%) and 21% had cirrhosis by liver biopsy. The overall SVR rate was 29%. The only pretreatment variable that distinguished responders from partial-responders was the serum triglyceride level. Conclusions: The use of c-IFN plus ribavirin in the retreatment of prior peg-IFN plus ribavirin partial responders is essentially twice that achieved in prior re-treatment regimens consisting of a second course of peg-IFN plus ribavirin. These results will need to be evaluated against the use of triple therapy consisting of a peg-IFN plus ribavirin and a protease inhibitor. More studies utilizing c-IFN plus ribavirin with either a protease inhibitor or polymerase inhibitor need to be performed as well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3032-3037
Number of pages6
JournalDigestive diseases and sciences
Volume56
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2011

Keywords

  • Consensus-interferon
  • HCV re-treatment
  • HCV treatment
  • Partial responders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology

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