Constitutive Smad signaling and Smad-dependent collagen gene expression in mouse embryonic fibroblasts lacking peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ

Asish K Ghosh*, Jun Wei, Minghua Wu, John Varga

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), a potent inducer of collagen synthesis, is implicated in pathological fibrosis. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) is a nuclear hormone receptor that regulates adipogenesis and numerous other biological processes. Here, we demonstrate that collagen gene expression was markedly elevated in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) lacking PPAR-γ compared to heterozygous control MEFs. Treatment with the PPAR-γ ligand 15d-PGJ2 failed to down-regulate collagen gene expression in PPAR-γ null MEFs, whereas reconstitution of these cells with ectopic PPAR-γ resulted in their normalization. Compared to control MEFs, PPAR-γ null MEFs displayed elevated levels of the Type I TGF-β receptor (TβRI), and secreted more TGF-β1 into the media. Furthermore, PPAR-γ null MEFs showed constitutive phosphorylation of cellular Smad2 and Smad3, even in the absence of exogenous TGF-β, which was abrogated by the ALK5 inhibitor SB431542. Constitutive Smad2/3 phosphorylation in PPAR-γ null MEFs was associated with Smad3 binding to its cognate DNA recognition sequences, and interaction with coactivator p300 previously implicated in TGF-β responses. Taken together, these results indicate that loss of PPAR-γ in MEFs is associated with upregulation of collagen synthesis, and activation of intracellular Smad signal transduction, due, at least in part, to autocrine TGF-β stimulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)231-236
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume374
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 19 2008

Fingerprint

Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors
Fibroblasts
Gene expression
Collagen
Transforming Growth Factors
Gene Expression
Phosphorylation
Biological Phenomena
Adipogenesis
Signal transduction
Growth Factor Receptors
Cytoplasmic and Nuclear Receptors
Signal Transduction
Fibrosis
Up-Regulation
Down-Regulation
Chemical activation
Ligands
DNA

Keywords

  • Collagen
  • Fibrosis
  • PPAR-γ
  • Smad
  • TGF-β
  • TbRI
  • p300

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biophysics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "Constitutive Smad signaling and Smad-dependent collagen gene expression in mouse embryonic fibroblasts lacking peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ",
abstract = "Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), a potent inducer of collagen synthesis, is implicated in pathological fibrosis. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) is a nuclear hormone receptor that regulates adipogenesis and numerous other biological processes. Here, we demonstrate that collagen gene expression was markedly elevated in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) lacking PPAR-γ compared to heterozygous control MEFs. Treatment with the PPAR-γ ligand 15d-PGJ2 failed to down-regulate collagen gene expression in PPAR-γ null MEFs, whereas reconstitution of these cells with ectopic PPAR-γ resulted in their normalization. Compared to control MEFs, PPAR-γ null MEFs displayed elevated levels of the Type I TGF-β receptor (TβRI), and secreted more TGF-β1 into the media. Furthermore, PPAR-γ null MEFs showed constitutive phosphorylation of cellular Smad2 and Smad3, even in the absence of exogenous TGF-β, which was abrogated by the ALK5 inhibitor SB431542. Constitutive Smad2/3 phosphorylation in PPAR-γ null MEFs was associated with Smad3 binding to its cognate DNA recognition sequences, and interaction with coactivator p300 previously implicated in TGF-β responses. Taken together, these results indicate that loss of PPAR-γ in MEFs is associated with upregulation of collagen synthesis, and activation of intracellular Smad signal transduction, due, at least in part, to autocrine TGF-β stimulation.",
keywords = "Collagen, Fibrosis, PPAR-γ, Smad, TGF-β, TbRI, p300",
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T1 - Constitutive Smad signaling and Smad-dependent collagen gene expression in mouse embryonic fibroblasts lacking peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ

AU - Ghosh, Asish K

AU - Wei, Jun

AU - Wu, Minghua

AU - Varga, John

PY - 2008/9/19

Y1 - 2008/9/19

N2 - Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), a potent inducer of collagen synthesis, is implicated in pathological fibrosis. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) is a nuclear hormone receptor that regulates adipogenesis and numerous other biological processes. Here, we demonstrate that collagen gene expression was markedly elevated in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) lacking PPAR-γ compared to heterozygous control MEFs. Treatment with the PPAR-γ ligand 15d-PGJ2 failed to down-regulate collagen gene expression in PPAR-γ null MEFs, whereas reconstitution of these cells with ectopic PPAR-γ resulted in their normalization. Compared to control MEFs, PPAR-γ null MEFs displayed elevated levels of the Type I TGF-β receptor (TβRI), and secreted more TGF-β1 into the media. Furthermore, PPAR-γ null MEFs showed constitutive phosphorylation of cellular Smad2 and Smad3, even in the absence of exogenous TGF-β, which was abrogated by the ALK5 inhibitor SB431542. Constitutive Smad2/3 phosphorylation in PPAR-γ null MEFs was associated with Smad3 binding to its cognate DNA recognition sequences, and interaction with coactivator p300 previously implicated in TGF-β responses. Taken together, these results indicate that loss of PPAR-γ in MEFs is associated with upregulation of collagen synthesis, and activation of intracellular Smad signal transduction, due, at least in part, to autocrine TGF-β stimulation.

AB - Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), a potent inducer of collagen synthesis, is implicated in pathological fibrosis. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) is a nuclear hormone receptor that regulates adipogenesis and numerous other biological processes. Here, we demonstrate that collagen gene expression was markedly elevated in mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) lacking PPAR-γ compared to heterozygous control MEFs. Treatment with the PPAR-γ ligand 15d-PGJ2 failed to down-regulate collagen gene expression in PPAR-γ null MEFs, whereas reconstitution of these cells with ectopic PPAR-γ resulted in their normalization. Compared to control MEFs, PPAR-γ null MEFs displayed elevated levels of the Type I TGF-β receptor (TβRI), and secreted more TGF-β1 into the media. Furthermore, PPAR-γ null MEFs showed constitutive phosphorylation of cellular Smad2 and Smad3, even in the absence of exogenous TGF-β, which was abrogated by the ALK5 inhibitor SB431542. Constitutive Smad2/3 phosphorylation in PPAR-γ null MEFs was associated with Smad3 binding to its cognate DNA recognition sequences, and interaction with coactivator p300 previously implicated in TGF-β responses. Taken together, these results indicate that loss of PPAR-γ in MEFs is associated with upregulation of collagen synthesis, and activation of intracellular Smad signal transduction, due, at least in part, to autocrine TGF-β stimulation.

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