Constraining theories of embodied cognition

Arthur B. Markman*, C. Miguel Brendl

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

233 Scopus citations


Influences of perceptual and motor activity on evaluation have led to theories of embodied cognition suggesting that putatively complex judgments can be carried out using only perceptual and motor representations. We present an experiment that revisited a movement-compatibility effect in which people are faster to respond to positive words by pulling a lever than by pushing a lever and are faster to respond to negative words by pushing than by pulling. We demonstrate that the compatibility effect depends on people's representation of their selves in space rather than on their physical location. These, data suggest that accounting for embodied phenomena requires understanding the complex interplay between perceptual and motor representations and people's representations of their selves in space.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6-10
Number of pages5
JournalPsychological Science
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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