TY - JOUR

T1 - Constraints on neutralino dark matter from LEP 2 and cosmology

AU - Ellis, John

AU - Falk, Toby

AU - Olive, Keith A.

AU - Schmitt, Michael

N1 - Funding Information:
J.E. would like to thank the University of Minnesota for kind hospitality while parts of this work were being done. M.S. is grateful for the use of codes written by Gerard0 Ganis. This work was supportedi n part by DOE grant DE-FGO2-94ER-40823.

PY - 1997/11/13

Y1 - 1997/11/13

N2 - A significant lower limit on the mass of the lightest neutralino χ can be obtained by combining the results from sparticle searches at LEP at centre-of-mass energies up to 172 GeV with cosmological considerations, if it is assumed that the χ is stable. Exclusion domains from slepton searches close mχ ∼ 0 loopholes that were left open by previous lower-energy LEP searches for charginos and neutralinos, leading to the lower limit mχ ≳ 17 GeV. The constraints on supersymmetric parameter space are strengthened significantly if LEP constraints on supersymmetric Higgs bosons are taken into account, and further if the relic neutralino density is required to fall within the range favoured by astrophysics and cosmology. These bounds are considerably strengthened if universality at the GUT scale is assumed for soft supersymmetry-breaking scalar masses, including those of the Higgs bosons. In this case, the Higgs searches play a dramatic rôle, and we find that mχ ≳ 40 GeV. Furthermore, we find that if tan β ≲ 1.7 for μ < 0, or tan β ≲ 1.4 for μ > 0, the cosmological relic density is too large for all values of mχ.

AB - A significant lower limit on the mass of the lightest neutralino χ can be obtained by combining the results from sparticle searches at LEP at centre-of-mass energies up to 172 GeV with cosmological considerations, if it is assumed that the χ is stable. Exclusion domains from slepton searches close mχ ∼ 0 loopholes that were left open by previous lower-energy LEP searches for charginos and neutralinos, leading to the lower limit mχ ≳ 17 GeV. The constraints on supersymmetric parameter space are strengthened significantly if LEP constraints on supersymmetric Higgs bosons are taken into account, and further if the relic neutralino density is required to fall within the range favoured by astrophysics and cosmology. These bounds are considerably strengthened if universality at the GUT scale is assumed for soft supersymmetry-breaking scalar masses, including those of the Higgs bosons. In this case, the Higgs searches play a dramatic rôle, and we find that mχ ≳ 40 GeV. Furthermore, we find that if tan β ≲ 1.7 for μ < 0, or tan β ≲ 1.4 for μ > 0, the cosmological relic density is too large for all values of mχ.

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U2 - 10.1016/S0370-2693(97)01122-2

DO - 10.1016/S0370-2693(97)01122-2

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:0040571472

VL - 413

SP - 355

EP - 364

JO - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics

SN - 0370-2693

IS - 3-4

ER -