Objective: To evaluate consumers' interest in pharmacist-provided human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) screening and to evaluate potential barriers and facilitators to HIV screening in the community pharmacy setting. Methods: Cross-sectional survey of adult patients who presented to one of five community (chain and independent) pharmacies from November 2010 to August 2011. Results: Based on 380 usable surveys, 135 (35.8%) participants were interested in pharmacy-based HIV screening. Independent predictors of interest in HIV screening identified in multivariate analysis (reference groups: ages 30 to 49 years old and white, non-Hispanic race) included younger age (18 to 29 years old) (odds ratio [OR], 2.48; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.31 to 4.71); black, non-Hispanic race (OR, 2.37; CI, 1.40 to 4.03); and other race (OR, 4.58; CI, 1.63 to 12.87). Lack of perceived risk for HIV was the most commonly cited barrier to HIV screening; and free, rapid, or confidential HIV testing were identified as potential facilitators. Conclusion: Interest in pharmacy-based HIV screening was high among participants representing age and race groups disproportionately affected by HIV. Expansion of HIV screening efforts to community pharmacies warrants further consideration.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (nursing)