Contactless measurements of photocarrier transport properties in perovskite single crystals

Xiwen Gong, Ziru Huang, Randy Sabatini, Chih Shan Tan, Golam Bappi, Grant Walters, Andrew Proppe, Makhsud I. Saidaminov, Oleksandr Voznyy, Shana O. Kelley, Edward H. Sargent*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations

Abstract

The remarkable properties of metal halide perovskites arising from their impressive charge carrier diffusion lengths have led to rapid advances in solution-processed optoelectronics. Unfortunately, diffusion lengths reported in perovskite single crystals have ranged widely – from 3 μm to 3 mm – for ostensibly similar materials. Here we report a contactless method to measure the carrier mobility and further extract the diffusion length: our approach avoids both the effects of contact resistance and those of high electric field. We vary the density of quenchers – epitaxially included within perovskite single crystals – and report the dependence of excited state lifetime in the perovskite on inter-quencher spacing. Our results are repeatable and self-consistent (i.e. they agree on diffusion length for many different quencher concentrations) to within ± 6%. Using this method, we obtain a diffusion length in metal-halide perovskites of 2.6 μm ± 0.1 μm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1591
JournalNature communications
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Physics and Astronomy

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