Contemporary management of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

Ajay Yadlapati, Mark Gajjar, Daniel Richard Schimmel, Mark J Ricciardi, James D Flaherty*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), which constitutes nearly 25–40 % of current acute myocardial infarction (AMI) cases, is a medical emergency that requires prompt recognition and treatment. Since the 2013 STEMI practice guidelines, a wealth of additional data that may further advance optimal STEMI practices has emerged. These data highlight the importance of improving patient treatment and transport algorithms for STEMI from non-primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) centers. In addition, a focus on the reduction of total pain-to-balloon (P2B) times rather than simply door-to-balloon (D2B) times may further improve outcomes after primary PCI for STEMI. The early administration of newer oral P2Y12 inhibitors, including crushed forms of these agents for faster absorption, represents another treatment advancement. Recent data also suggest avoiding concurrent morphine use due to interactions with P2Y12 inhibitors. Furthermore, new technological advancements and investigational therapies, including Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffolds and the use of pre-intervention intravenous microbubbles with transthoracic ultrasound, hold promise to play a useful role in future STEMI care. Despite these advancements, the prompt recognition of STEMI, at both the patient and health care system level, remains the cornerstone of optimal treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1107-1113
Number of pages7
JournalInternal and Emergency Medicine
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Evolution
  • Guidelines
  • Perfusion
  • STEMI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Emergency Medicine

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