Contemporary practice patterns of transurethral therapies for benign prostate hypertrophy: results of a worldwide survey

Matthew S. Lee*, Mark Assmus, Deepak Agarwal, Tim Large, Amy Krambeck

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Purpose: To perform a global survey to identify contemporary practice patterns of transurethral therapies for benign prostatic hypertrophy. Methods: A REDCap survey was distributed to the ~ 3500 members of the Endourological Society. Surgeons completed demographic information and then selected the BPH therapies they perform 10 cases/year. There were four categories of BPH therapies: ablation, enucleation, resection/vaporization, and MIST (minimally invasive surgical technique). Within each category, there were subcategories to account for different energy modalities. All statistical analyses were performed using SAS 9.4. Results: A total of 175 surgeons responded to our survey. Prostate resection/vaporization remained the most commonly utilized technique (51.9%, n = 147/283) followed by enucleation (22.6%, n = 64/283). Bipolar TURP (bTURP) was the most common modality for prostate resection (69.4%, n = 102/147). Holmium laser enucleation (HoLEP) was the most common modality for enucleation (46.9%, n = 30/64). Urolift® was performed more often than Rezūm™ (55.9% vs. 44.1%, n = 19/34 vs. 15/34, respectively). Among surgeons performing ablation, country of practice was a significantly associated with length of stay (LOS), p < 0.0001. For surgeons performing enucleation, academic institution and completion of a fellowship were associated with postoperative day (POD) 1 catheter removal (p = 0.0240 and p = 0.020, respectively). Conclusions: In this contemporary, global survey of the Endourology Society, resection/vaporization techniques were the most commonly performed. Rates of MISTs remained relatively low at 12.1%. Academic institution and fellowship status were associated with shorter catheterization times and LOS for certain surgical categories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4207-4213
Number of pages7
JournalWorld journal of urology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2021


  • Benign prostatic hypertrophy
  • Global survey
  • MIST
  • Practice patterns

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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