Content delivery and the natural evolution of DNS: Remote DNS trends, performance issues and alternative solutions

John S. Otto*, Mario A. Sánchez, John P. Rula, Fabián E. Bustamante

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

56 Scopus citations


Content Delivery Networks (CDNs) rely on the Domain Name System (DNS) for replica server selection. DNS-based server selection builds on the assumption that, in the absence of information about the client's actual network location, the location of a client's DNS resolver provides a good approximation. The recent growth of remote DNS services breaks this assumption and can negatively impact client's web performance. In this paper, we assess the end-to-end impact of using remote DNS services on CDN performance and present the first evaluation of an industry-proposed solution to the problem. We find that remote DNSusage can indeed significantly impact client's web performance and that the proposed solution, if available, can effectively address the problem for most clients. Considering the performance cost of remote DNS usage and the limited adoption base of the industry-proposed solution, we present and evaluate an alternative approach, Direct Resolution, to readily obtain comparable performance improvements without requiring CDN or DNS participation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIMC 2012 - Proceedings of the ACM Internet Measurement Conference
Number of pages14
StatePublished - 2012
Event2012 ACM Internet Measurement Conference, IMC 2012 - Boston, MA, United States
Duration: Nov 14 2012Nov 16 2012

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ACM SIGCOMM Internet Measurement Conference, IMC


Other2012 ACM Internet Measurement Conference, IMC 2012
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBoston, MA


  • cdn
  • content distribution
  • dns
  • dns extension
  • internet
  • measurement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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