Continuous Glucose Monitoring Associated With Less Diabetes-Specific Emotional Distress and Lower A1c Among Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes

Anthony T. Vesco*, Aneta M. Jedraszko, Kimberly P. Garza, Jill Weissberg-Benchell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Psychosocial impact research of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) and continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) among adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) is limited. The present study assesses associations between diabetes technology use on adolescent- and parent-perceived diabetes-specific distress and A1c. Method: Adolescents with T1D and parents (N = 1040; primarily mothers) completed measures of diabetes distress. Adolescents were categorized by technology use: CGM Alone, CSII Alone, CGM+CSII, or No Technology. ANOVA, regression, and Cohen’s d were used for group comparisons on measures of diabetes distress and A1c. Analyses also compared groups on clinical elevations of distress. Results: CGM use was associated with less adolescent distress compared to No Technology (d = 0.59), CGM+CSII (d = 0.26), and CSII Alone (d = 0.29). Results were similar but with smaller effect size for parent-reported distress, although CGM+CSII showed equivocal association with parent distress compared to No Technology (d = 0.18). CGM Alone was associated with lower A1c compared to No Technology (d = 0.48), to CSII Alone (d = 0.37), and was comparable to CGM+CSII (d = 0.03). CGM+CSII conferred advantage over CSII Alone (d = 0.34). Clinical elevation of distress was associated with not using any technology particularly for adolescents. Conclusions: Technology use is associated with lower adolescent distress than lower parent distress. CGM Alone is associated with lower adolescent and parent distress than CSII or CGM+CSII. This appears to be clinically meaningful based on cut scores for measures. CGM is associated with lower A1c independent of being used alone or with CSII.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)792-799
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

Keywords

  • adolescent
  • distress
  • glucose sensor
  • insulin pump
  • type 1 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

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