Across all sensory modalities, first-stage sensory neurons are an information bottleneck: they must convey all information available for an animal to perceive and act in its environment. Our understanding of coding properties of primary sensory neurons in the auditory and visual systems has been aided by the use of increasingly complex, naturalistic stimulus sets. By comparison, encoding properties of primary somatosensory afferents are poorly understood. Here, we use the rodent whisker system to examine how tactile information is represented in primary sensory neurons of the trigeminal ganglion (Vg). Vg neurons have long been thought to segregate into functional classes associated with separate streams of information processing. However, this view is based on Vg responses to restricted stimulus sets which potentially underreport the coding capabilities of these neurons. In contrast, the current study records Vg responses to complex three-dimensional (3D) stimulation while quantifying the complete 3D whisker shape and mechanics, thereby beginning to reveal their full representational capabilities. The results show that individual Vg neurons simultaneously represent multiple mechanical features of a stimulus, do not preferentially encode principal components of the stimuli, and represent continuous and tiled variations of all available mechanical information. These results directly contrast with proposed codes in which subpopulations of Vg neurons encode select stimulus features. Instead, individual Vg neurons likely overcome the information bottleneck by encoding large regions of a complex sensory space. This proposed tiled and multidimensional representation at the Vg directly constrains the computations performed by more central neurons of the vibrissotrigeminal pathway.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Aug 10 2021|
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