Contralateral hippocampal sclerosis following functional hemispherectomy in children: A report of three cases

Ranjith Kumar Manokaran, Ivanna Yau, Robyn Whitney, Ayako Ochi, Hiroshi Otsubo, Elysa Widjaja, George M. Ibrahim, Elizabeth J. Donner, Puneet Jain*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Hippocampal Sclerosis (HS) may co-exist with temporal or extratemporal lesions (dual pathology) in children and is usually ipsilateral to the radiological lesion. Here were report three cases with extensive hemispheric cortical malformation and drug resistant epilepsy who had persistent seizures after functional hemispherectomy (FH) and developed contralateral HS after the surgery. Methods: This retrospective study enrolled children who underwent FH and developed contralateral HS after surgery. Their clinical, EEG, radiological and pathological data were reviewed and summarized. Results: Ninety-five children underwent FH during the study period; Three cases (3.2%) were eligible. They all had unilateral extensive hemispheric cortical malformation who underwent FH between 3 and 5 months of age with no clinical, EEG or radiological suggestion for involvement of contralateral hemisphere prior to FH. All three patients had persisting seizures after FH. Contralateral HS was detected between 2.2 to 3.7 years after FH in all three cases. Two of the patients showed pathogenic variants in GATOR1 pathway genes. Conclusions: The genesis of contralateral HS in the reported patients remains unexplained. The presence and distribution of “second-hit” somatic mutations may play an important role in governing the seizure outcomes of epilepsy surgery in patients with apparently unilateral malformations of cortical development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-150
Number of pages4
JournalSeizure
Volume111
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2023

Keywords

  • Epilepsy surgery
  • Focal cortical dysplasia
  • GATOR1
  • Hemimegalencephaly
  • Infantile spasms
  • VNS

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

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