Routine urological evaluation of children with myelomeningocele helps to identify those at risk for upper urinary tract deterioration. We report on 2 patients with ventriculoperitoneal shunts who had intraperitoneal rupture of the bladder. Reflux of contrast media via or around the ventriculoperitoneal shunt into the cerebral ventricles occurred in both patients, resulting in severe neurological insult.
- cerebrospinal fluid shunts
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