Control of proliferation in astrocytoma cells by the receptor tyrosine kinase/PI3K/AKT signaling axis and the use of PI-103 and TCN as potential anti-astrocytoma therapies

Demirkan B. Gürsel, Yvette S. Connell-Albert, Robert G. Tuskan, Theonie Anastassiadis, Jessica C. Walrath, Jessica J. Hawes, Jessica C Amlin Van Schaick, Karlyne M. Reilly*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

A growing body of work suggests that astrocytomas and glioblastoma multiforme will require carefully tailored, molecularly targeted therapy for successful treatment. Recent efforts to comprehensively identify mutations and gene expression changes in glioblastoma have shown that mutation of NF1 is a common alteration in human glioblastoma. We have developed and characterized a panel of 14 tumor lines from grades II through IV astrocytomas developed from our Nf1-/+; Trp53-/+cis mouse model and have used this panel to characterize signal transduction pathways and inhibitors that are candidate therapeutic targets for astrocytoma and glioblastoma. We show that these tumors express platelet-derived growth factor receptor-a, epidermal growth factor receptor, and their respective ligands to varying degrees. We find that both the MEK and PI3K signaling pathways downstream of epidermal growth factor receptor and platelet-derived growth factor receptor-a are necessary for full proliferation of astrocytoma cells; however, inhibition of the PI3K pathway is more effective than inhibition of MEK at blocking cell growth. We have examined inhibitors of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway and find that PI-103 and TCN show particular promise for inhibiting growth in Nf1 and Trp53 mutant astrocytoma cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)610-621
Number of pages12
JournalNeuro-oncology
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2011

Keywords

  • Akt
  • Astrocytoma
  • EGFR
  • NF1
  • p53

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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