Controlling defects in double-layer cuprates by chemical modifications

P. A. Salvador*, K. B. Greenwood, K. Otzschi, J. W. Koenitzer, B. M. Dabrowski, K. R. Poeppelmeier, T. O. Mason

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

In-situ high temperature electrical conductivity and thermopower have been measured simultaneously on a number of ordered perovskite-like oxides containing double CuO4/2 sheets. Equilibrium measurements have been conducted as a function of oxygen partial pressure, temperature and chemical substitution in order to understand the relationships between the chemical architecture and the transport and defect properties. Data for LaBa2Cu2NbO8 and LaCa2Cu2GaO7 are presented and compared with those of known triple perovskite superconductors, Y1-xCaxSr2Cu2GaO7 and YBa2Cu3O7-δ, and several quadruple perovskites, Ln′Ln″Ba2Cu2M2O11 (Ln = Lanthanide, Y; M = Sn, Ti). These materials belong to a general family of superconductors which are constructed from similar `active' layers (double perovskite blocks of square-pyramidal copper-oxygen sheets), and interleaved with fixed valence cations in perovskite-like `conditioning' layers. Similarities in the transport properties of the non-superconducting and superconducting materials at elevated temperatures are illustrated, and the amount and types of defects, including carrier concentrations, are correlated with the internal chemistry and inner architecture of each material.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-176
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
Volume453
StatePublished - 1997
EventProceedings of the 1996 MRS Fall Symposium - Boston, MA, USA
Duration: Dec 2 1996Dec 6 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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