Controversies in paediatric acute kidney injury and continuous renal replacement therapy: can paediatric care lead the way to precision acute kidney injury medicine?

Natalja L. Stanski, Dana Fuhrman, Rajit K. Basu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose of reviewPaediatric patients represent a unique challenge for providers managing acute kidney injury (AKI). Critical care for these children requires a precise approach to assessment, diagnostics and management.Recent findingsPrimarily based on observational data, large epidemiologic datasets have demonstrated a strong association between AKI prevalence (one in four critically ill children) and poor patient outcome. Drivers of AKI itself are multifactorial and the causal links between AKI and host injury remain incompletely defined, creating a management paradigm primarily supportive in nature. The previous decades of research have focused primarily on elucidating the population-level epidemiologic signal of AKI and use of renal replacement therapy (RRT), but in order to reverse the course of the AKI 'epidemic', future decades will require more attention to the individual patient. A patient-level approach to AKI in children will require sophisticated approaches to risk stratification, diagnostics and targeted utilization of therapies (both supportive and targeted towards drivers of injury).SummaryIn this review, we will summarize the past, present and future of AKI care in children, discussing the ongoing work and future goals of a personalized approach to AKI medicine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)604-610
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent opinion in critical care
Volume27
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021

Keywords

  • biomarker enrichment
  • continuous renal replacement therapy
  • opportunities
  • paediatric critical care medicine
  • precision medicine
  • strengths
  • threats
  • weaknesses

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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