自动驾驶交通系统的协同管控技术

Translated title of the contribution: Coordinated management and control of autonomous traffic systems

Xiaobo Liu, Gongyuan Lu, Fangfang Zheng, Ruijie Li, Peng Cao, You Kong, Yu Nie*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The rapid development of autonomous driving technology in the past decade has brought unprecedented opportunities and challenges to the coordinated management and control of traffic systems. Compared to human drivers, autonomous vehicles (AV) are equipped with shorter reaction time and better situational awareness, promising to increase the throughput of existing road networks, dramatically improve safety and robustness, and reduce the instability of vehicular traffic flow. Moreover, controlling the route, lane and even trajectory of every AV in a network could effectively eliminate excessive congestion caused by “selfish” human travel and driving behaviors. This ability to coordinate the entire AV fleet thus has important implications for planning the next-generation “smart” road systems. In this paper we consider the coordinated management and control of AV fleets from both macroscopic and microscopic perspectives. The former focuses on how coordinating macroscopic travel decisions, such as route, departure time and mode (e. g., ridesharing vs. micro-transit), might help reduce traffic congestion caused by what is widely known as the price of anarchy in transportation. While the underlying idea is simply moving the system from a user equilibrium state to a system optimal one, the challenge is to model the complex interactions between autonomous and human-driven vehicles, to anticipate how human drivers would behave in such an environment, and to design effective, fair and practical schemes to achieve the goal. What we learn from these efforts could potentially impact infrastructure planning, especially in terms of whether and how AVs should be separated from human-driven vehicles on road. On the other hand, because AVs can be programmed to remember and execute all maneuvers in a journey, much like the auto pilot for airplanes and high-speed trains, the entire trajectory of their journey, not just the aforementioned macroscopic travel decisions, may be targeted for the purpose of traffic management. Here, the focus is to manage the microscopic maneuvers (e. g., lane changing and gap-keeping behaviors) of a fleet of AVs to improve the performance of the road network. An interesting analogy can be drawn between this task and the task of managing a railway network in which many fast moving trains operate. Accordingly, the lanes on highways may be viewed as “virtual tracks” in an imaginary railway network. There is an extensive literature on railway operations from which one can draw useful mathematical tools and empirical results. A primary challenge to operationalize this analogy is the enormous computational requirement caused by both the sheer size of the problem, as well as the short time framework (seconds or shorter) within which such a coordinated management and control decision must be made.

Translated title of the contributionCoordinated management and control of autonomous traffic systems
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)434-441
Number of pages8
JournalKexue Tongbao/Chinese Science Bulletin
Volume65
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 25 2020

Keywords

  • Autonomous driving
  • Coordinated management and control
  • Robustness
  • Safety
  • Smart road systems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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