The usefulness of preoperative coronary arteriography in patients with type A dissection of the aorta is controversial. To determine the prevalence of arteriosclerotic coronary artery disease in patients with type A dissection of the aorta, we reviewed our experience in 62 patients (42 with acute dissection and 20 with chronic dissection) who underwent operation between January 1, 1986, and December 31, 1993. Among 23 patients with acute dissection who underwent coronary arteriography, 8 (34.8%) had one or more coronary artery lesions causing a greater than 50% narrowing. Among 14 patients with chronic dissection who underwent coronary arteriography, 6 (42.9%) had one or more coronary artery lesions causing a greater than 50% narrowing. There were no fatal complications associated with coronary arteriography. Four patients with acute dissection and 6 patients with chronic dissection underwent coronary artery bypass grafting at the time of operative repair of the aortic dissection, with no operative deaths. On the basis of these findings and the success of combined coronary artery bypass grafting and aortic repair, we recommend that patients with an acute type A dissection who are in stable condition and all patients with a chronic type A dissection of the aorta should undergo preoperative coronary arteriography.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine