Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Pregnancy: The Experience at an Urban Safety Net Hospital

Amanda Dhuyvetter, Helen Elizabeth Cejtin*, Megan Adam, Ashlesha Patel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Shortly after the identification of a novel coronavirus, the coronavirus disease 2019, or COVID-19, a global pandemic was declared. There have been conflicting data about the severity of COVID-19 disease course in pregnant women, with most US data suggesting an increase in severity and increased need for hospitalization and intubation in obstetric patients. In the general population, the disease is more common among racial and ethnic minority populations, and severity is increased with comorbid conditions and obesity. The purpose of this study is to characterize COVID-19 infection in pregnancy in a population of women getting prenatal care at an urban safety-net hospital. Beginning in April, 2020, all women were tested at admission for delivery, and additionally as an outpatient if presenting with COVID-19 symptoms. In three months, there were 208 discrete women tested and 23 (11.1%) who were positive for COVID-19. The incidence of COVID-19 was 5.1% in asymptomatic women being screened upon admission to the hospital. There was a high prevalence of obesity (68.2%) and other comorbid conditions (43.5%) in this population, and all patients were racial/ethnic minorities. Despite these risk factors, the patients uniformly had either mild or asymptomatic disease. No symptomatic patients required hospitalization for their infection. In this population of pregnant women at high risk for severe COVID-19 infection, only mild disease was observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Community Health
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Comorbid conditions
  • COVID-19
  • Pregnancy
  • Urban

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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