Members of the tripartite motif (TRIM) protein family have been shown to assemble into structures in both the nucleus and cytoplasm. One TRIM protein family member, TRIM5α, has been shown to form cytoplasmic bodies involved in restricting retroviruses such as HIV-1. Here we applied cryogenic correlated light and electron microscopy, combinedwith electron cryo-tomography, to intactmammalian cells expressing YFP-rhTRIM5α and found the presence of hexagonal nets whose arm lengths were similar to those of the hexagonal nets formed by purified TRIM5a in vitro. We also observed YFP-rhTRIM5α within a diversity of structures with characteristics expected for organelles involved in different stages of macroautophagy, including disorganized protein aggregations (sequestosomes), sequestosomes flanked by flat double-membraned vesicles (sequestosome:phagophore complexes), sequestosomes within double-membraned vesicles (autophagosomes), and sequestosomes within multivesicular autophagic vacuoles (amphisomes or autolysosomes). Vaults were also seen in these structures, consistent with their role in autophagy. Our data 1) support recent reports that TRIM5a can form both well-organized signaling complexes and nonsignaling aggregates, 2) offer images of the macroautophagy pathway in a near-native state, and 3) reveal that vaults arrive early in macroautophagy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Nov 24 2020|
- Endoplasmic reticulum
- Hexagonal nets
ASJC Scopus subject areas