Correlates of Stress in HIV Disease

Nancy L. McCain, David F. Cella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations


A group of 53 men with HIV Disease participated in this correlational study of the relationships among psychological distress, quality of life, uncertainty, coping patterns, stress, and CD4+ T-lymphocyte levels. Meaningful correlations (r > 0.40, p < 0.01) indicated that higher levels of negative-impact stressful experiences were associated with more frequent use of emotionfocused coping; both higher levels of negative stress and more frequent use of emotion-focused coping were associated with lower quality of life, higher psychological distress, and more uncertainty; lower quality of life was associated with higher psychological distress and more uncertainty; and lower CD4+ counts were associated with higher levels of positive-impact stressful experiences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-155
Number of pages15
JournalWestern Journal of Nursing Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


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