Ventricular late potentials at the end of the surface QRS, detected on the signal-averaged electrocardiogram (SAECG) have been shown to be markers for spontaneous end/or inducible ventricular tachycardia (VT) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). We examined the correlations between electrophysiologic study (EPS) findings and SAECG indexes in 50 patients with chronic CAD with documented spontaneous VT/ventricular fibrillation (VF), who had either syncope (24 patients) or aborted sudden cardiac death (SCD). The prevalence of late potentials was significantly higher in the syncope patients (75%) compared with the SCD group (46%) (p < 0.05), No correlation was found between the ventricular refractoriness and the SAECG indexes. There was a significant difference in quantitative SAECG indexes comparing the induction mode of the sustained VT/VF by single and double versus triple extrastimuli; the types of the induced VT (sustained monomorphic, sustained pleomorphic or VF, noninducible); and the cycle length of the induced sustained monomorphic VT with the high frequency QRS duration (QRSD). In conclusion, differences in prevalence and characteristics of ventricular late potentials were found between patients with syncope and with SCD. The degree of abnormality of SAECG indexes correlated with the type and the mode of induction of sustained VT. The magnitude of QRSD of the SAECG correlated, with the cycle length of monomorphic VT. The above findings suggest that in patients with CAD and sustained VT/VF the SAECG variables are related to the area of reentry.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine