Cortisol and prolactin concentrations during three different seasons in relocated Brahman and Hereford bulls

J. G. Berardinelli*, R. W. Godfrey, R. Adair, D. D. Lunstra, D. J. Byerley, H. Cardenas, R. D. Randel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The objective of this study was to evaluate seasonal changes of cortisol and prolactin (PRL) concentrations in Brahman and Hereford bulls moved to locations that differ in geographical and environmental conditions. Postpubertal Hereford bulls from Montana (n = 15) and Nebraska (n = 15) and Brahman bulls from Texas (n = 18) were located in or relocated to Montana, Nebraska or Texas so that each location had 5 Montana Herefords, 5 Nebraska Herefords and 6 Texas Brahman bulls. Blood samples were collected at 20-minute intervals for 8 hours in November (Fall 1), April (Spring) and November (Fall 2) of the next year. These dates corresponded to 6, 12 and 18 months, respectively, after relocation in May of the first year. Cortisol concentrations were higher (P<0.05) in Fall 1 than in Fall 2 and were higher (P<0.05) for bulls in Montana than for bulls in Texas. The decrease in cortisol concentrations from Fall 1 to Fall 2 was negatively related (P<0.05) to age and weight. There was a three-way interaction (P<0.05) of breed-type origin, location and season for PRL concentrations. Seasonal patterns of PRL concentrations differed between relocated Texas Brahman and Hereford bulls, and patterns for relocated bulls differed from those of the nonrelocated bulls. Seasonal patterns of PRL were influenced to a greater extent by relocation in Texas Brahman bulls than in Hereford bulls.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)641-654
Number of pages14
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1992


  • bulls
  • cortisol
  • prolactin
  • relocation
  • seasonal variation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals
  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Equine


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