Cosmological constraints on tachyon matter

M. Nozar, G. S. Adams, T. Adams, Z. Bar-Yam, J. M. Bishop, V. A. Bodyagin, D. S. Brown, N. M. Cason, S. U. Chung, J. P. Cummings, K. Danyo, A. I. Demianov, S. P. Denisov, V. Dorofeev, J. P. Dowd, P. Eugenio, X. L. Fan, A. M. Gribushin, R. W. Hackenburg, M. HayekJ. Hu, E. I. Ivanov, D. Joffe, I. Kachaev, W. Kern, E. King, O. L. Kodolova, V. L. Korotkikh, M. A. Kostin, J. Kuhn, V. V. Lipaev, J. M. LoSecco, M. Lu, J. J. Manak, J. Napolitano, C. Olchanski, A. I. Ostrovidov, T. K. Pedlar, A. V. Popov, D. I. Ryabchikov, L. I. Sarycheva, K. K. Seth, N. Shenhav, X. Shen, W. D. Shephard, N. B. Sinev, D. L. Stienike, J. S. Suh, S. A. Taegar, A. Tomaradze, I. N. Vardanyan, D. P. Weygand, D. B. White, H. J. Willutzki, M. Witkowski, A. A. Yershov

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77 Scopus citations

Abstract

We examine whether tachyon matter is a viable candidate for the cosmological dark matter. First, we demonstrate that in order for the density of tachyon matter to have an acceptable value today, the magnitude of the tachyon potential energy at the onset of rolling must be finely tuned. For a tachyon potential V(T) ∼ MPl4exp(-T/τ), the tachyon must start rolling at T ≃ 60τ in order for the density of tachyon matter today to satisfy ΩT,0 ∼ 1, provided that standard big bang cosmology begins at the same time as the tachyon begins to roll. In this case, the value of ωT,0 is exponentially sensitive to T/τ at the onset of rolling, so smaller T/τ is unacceptable, and larger T/τ implies a tachyon density that is too small to have interesting cosmological effects. If instead the universe undergoes a second inflationary epoch after the tachyon has already rolled considerably, then the tachyon can begin with T near zero, but the increase of the scale factor during inflation must still be finely tuned in order for ΩT,0 ∼ 1. Second, we show that tachyon matter, unlike quintessence, can cluster gravitationally on very small scales. If the starting value of T/τ is tuned finely enough that ΩT,0 ∼ 1, then tachyon matter clusters more or less identically to pressureless dust. Thus, if the fine-tuning problem can be explained, tachyon matter is a viable candidate for cosmological dark matter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6-15
Number of pages10
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume541
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 8 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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