Cost-effectiveness of temozolomide for the treatment of newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme

Carin A. Uyl-de Groot*, Roger Stupp, Martin van der Bent

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Aim: To perform a systematic review on the costs and cost-effectiveness of concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide with radiotherapy for the treatment of newly diagnosed glioblastoma compared with initial radiotherapy alone. Methods: Electronic databases were searched for relevant publications on costs and cost-effectiveness until October 2008. Results: We found four relevant clinical trials, one cost study and two economic models. The mean survival benefit in the radiotherapy plus temozolomide group varied between 0.21 and 0.25 life-years. Treatment costs were between €27,365 and €39,092. The costs of temozolomide amounted to approximately 40% of the total treatment costs. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratios found in the literature were €37,361 per life-year gained and €42,912 per quality-adjusted life-year gained. However, the models are not comparable because different outcomes are used (i.e., life-years and quality-adjusted life-years). Conclusion: Although the models are not comparable according to outcome, the incremental cost-effectiveness ratios found are within acceptable ranges. We concluded that despite the high temozolomide acquisition costs, the costs per life-year gained and the costs per quality-adjusted life-year gained are comparable with other accepted first-line treatments with chemotherapy in patients with cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)235-241
Number of pages7
JournalExpert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2009


  • Cost-effectiveness analyses
  • Economic evaluation
  • Glioblastoma multiforme
  • Radiotherapy
  • Temozolomide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Health Policy


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