Cost minimization in treatment of adult degenerative scoliosis

Omar M. Uddin, Raqeeb Haque, Patrick A. Sugrue, Yousef M. Ahmed, Tarek Y. El Ahmadieh, Joel M. Press, Tyler Koski, Richard G. Fessler*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Object Back pain is an increasing concern for the aging population. This study aims to evaluate if minimally invasive surgery presents cost-minimization benefits compared with open surgery in treating adult degenerative scoliosis. Methods?Seventy-one patients with adult degenerative scoliosis received 2-stage, multilevel surgical correction through either a minimally invasive spine surgery (MIS) approach with posterior instrumentation (n = 38) or an open midline (Open) approach (n = 33). Costs were derived from hospital and rehabilitation charges. Length of stay, blood loss, and radiographic outcomes were obtained from electronic medical records. Functional outcomes were measured with Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) and visual analog scale (VAS) surveys. Results?Patients in both cohorts were similar in age (AgeMIS = 65.68 yrs, AgeOpen = 63.58 yrs, p = 0.28). The mean follow-up was 18.16 months and 21.82 months for the MIS and Open cohorts, respectively (p = 0.34). MIS and Open cohorts had an average of 4.37 and 7.61 levels of fusion, respectively (p < 0.01). Total inpatient charges were lower for the MIS cohort (269,807 vs 391,889, p < 0.01), and outpatient rehabilitation charges were similar (41,072 vs 49,272, p = 0.48). MIS patients experienced reduced length of hospital stay (7.03 days vs 14.88 days, p < 0.01) and estimated blood loss (EBL) (EBLMIS = 470.26 ml, EBLOpen = 2872.73 ml, p < 0.01). Baseline ODI scores were lower in the MIS cohort (40.03 vs 48.04, p = 0.03), and the cohorts experienced similar 1-year improvement (?ODIMIS = ?15.98, ?ODIOpen = ?21.96, p = 0.25). Baseline VAS scores were similar (VASMIS = 6.56, VASOpen = 7.10, p = 0.32), but MIS patients experienced less reduction after 1 year (?VASMIS = ?3.36, ?VASOpen = ?4.73, p = 0.04). Preoperative sagittal vertical axis (SVA) were comparable (preoperative SVAMIS = 63.47 mm, preoperative SVAOpen = 71.3 mm, p = 0.60), but MIS patients had larger postoperative SVA (postoperative SVAMIS = 51.17 mm, postoperative SVAOpen = 28.17 mm, p = 0.03). Conclusions?Minimally invasive surgery demonstrated reduced costs, blood loss, and hospital stays, whereas open surgery exhibited greater improvement in VAS scores, deformity correction, and sagittal balance. Additional studies with more patients and longer follow-up will determine if MIS provides cost-minimization opportunities for treatment of adult degenerative scoliosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)798-806
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neurosurgery: Spine
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2015


  • Adult degenerative scoliosis
  • Adult spinal deformity
  • Cost benefit
  • Cost effectiveness
  • Minimally invasive spine surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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