Coupling effect between liquid sloshing and flexible fluid-filled systems

Wing K. Liu*, David C. Ma

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Current practice in seismic design of flexible liquid-filled systems is reviewed. A coupled fluid-structure finite element method which considers the sloshing effect is developed for the seismic analysis of liquid-filled systems of various geometries with and without internal components. An analysis of the dynamic interaction between the structural vibration and liquid sloshing is also presented. Both rigid and flexible fluid-tank systems of different configurations are considered. Results demonstrate that tank flexibility can affect the amplitude of the free surface wave and hence the sloshing pressure and structural response. This result is consistent with the perturbation analysis. The dynamic interaction depends on (1) the ratio of natural frequency between fluid sloshing and the fluid-tank system and (2) the ratio of the effective areas of the fluid-structure interface and free surface of the fluid. Hence it is expected that in analyzing tanks with flexible internal components, this coupling effect can be more pronounced.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)345-357
Number of pages13
JournalNuclear Engineering and Design
Issue number3
StatePublished - Oct 1 1982

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Mechanical Engineering


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