Protein phosphorylation represents the most dominant and evolutionary conserved posttranslational modification for information transfer in cells and organisms. The human genome encodes >500 protein kinases, and thousands of phosphorylation sites are present in mammalian proteome. To develop a global view of phosphorylation network, there is a need to map the connectivity between kinases and phosphoproteome. We developed a chemical kinase-substrate cross-linker 1 that converts transient kinase-substrate interactions into a covalently linked kinase-substrate complex in vitro and in the presence of cell lysates. The method can be applied to identify unknown upstream kinases responsible for phosphorylation events in cell lysates.