Covalent Organic Frameworks: Emerging Organic Solid Materials for Energy and Electrochemical Applications

Kaiqiang Zhang, Kent O. Kirlikovali, Rajender S. Varma, Zhong Jin, Ho Won Jang*, Omar K. Farha, Mohammadreza Shokouhimehr

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Covalent organic frameworks (COFs), materials constructed from organic building blocks joined by robust covalent bonds, have emerged as attractive materials in the context of electrochemical applications because of their high, intrinsic porosities and crystalline frameworks, as well as their ability to be tuned across two- and three-dimensions by the judicious selection of building blocks. Because of the recent and rapid development of this field, we have summarized COFs employed for electrochemical applications, such as batteries and capacitors, water splitting, solar cells, and sensors, with an emphasis on the structural design and resulting performance of the targeted electrochemical system. Overall, we anticipate this review will stimulate the design and synthesis of the next generation of COFs for use in electrochemical applications and beyond.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27821-27852
Number of pages32
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number25
StatePublished - Jun 24 2020


  • covalent organic frameworks
  • electrochemical applications
  • energy conversion and storage
  • porous crystalline materials
  • structural design and synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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