COVID-19 vaccine intentions and uptake in a tertiary care healthcare system: A longitudinal study

Charlesnika T. Evans*, Benjamin J. Deyoung, Elizabeth L. Gray, Amisha Wallia, Joyce Ho, Mercedes Carnethon, Teresa R. Zembower, Lisa R. Hirschhorn, John T. Wilkins

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective Healthcare workers (HCWs) are a high priority group for COVID-19 vaccination and serve as sources for information for the public. This analysis assessed vaccine intentions, factors associated with intentions, and change in uptake over time in HCWs. Methods A prospective cohort study of COVID-19 seroprevalence was conducted with HCWs in a large healthcare system in the Chicago area. Participants completed surveys (November 25, 2020-January 9, 2021 and April 24-July 12, 2021) on COVID-19 exposures, diagnosis and symptoms, demographics, and vaccination status. Results Of 4,180 HCWs who responded to a survey, 77.1% indicated they intended to get the vaccine; in this group, 23.2% had already received at least one dose of the vaccine (23.2%), 17.4% were unsure, and 5.5% reported that they would not get the vaccine. Factors associated with intention or vaccination were being exposed to clinical procedures (vs no procedures) and having a negative serology test for COVID-19 (vs no test) (adjusted odds ratio (AOR)=1.39, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 1.16-1.65, AOR=1.46, 95% CI 1.24-1.73, respectively). Nurses (vs physicians, AOR=0.24 95% CI 0.17-0.33), non-Hispanic Black (vs Asians, AOR=0.35, 95% CI 0.21-0.59), and women (vs men, AOR=0.38, 95% CI 0.30-0.50) had lower odds of intention to get vaccinated. By 6-months follow-up, over 90% of those who had previously been unsure were vaccinated, while 59.7% of those who previously reported no intention of getting vaccinated, were vaccinated. Conclusions COVID-19 vaccination in HCWs was high, but variability in vaccination intention exists. Targeted messaging coupled with vaccine mandates can support uptake.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInfection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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