CP -invariance violation at short-baseline experiments in 3+1 neutrino scenarios

André De Gouvêa, Kevin J. Kelly, Andrew Kobach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


New neutrino degrees of freedom allow for more sources of charge parity- (CP) invariance violation (CPV). We explore the requirements for accessing CP-odd mixing parameters in the so-called 3+1 scenario, where one assumes the existence of one extra, mostly sterile neutrino degree of freedom, heavier than the other three mass eigenstates. As a first step, we concentrate on the νe→νμ appearance channel in a hypothetical, upgraded version of the νSTORM proposal. We establish that the optimal baseline for CPV studies depends strongly on the value of Δm142 - the new mass-squared difference - and that the ability to observe CPV depends significantly on whether the experiment is performed at the optimal baseline. Even at the optimal baseline, it is very challenging to see CPV in 3+1 scenarios if one considers only one appearance channel. Full exploration of CPV in short-baseline experiments will require precision measurements of tau appearance, a challenge significantly beyond what is currently being explored by the experimental neutrino community.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number053005
JournalPhysical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 12 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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