Creation and validation of the Cognitive and Behavioral Response to Stress Scale in a depression trial

Adam S. Miner, Stephen M. Schueller, Emily G. Lattie, David C. Mohr*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The Cognitive and Behavioral Response to Stress Scale (CB-RSS) is a self-report measure of the use and helpfulness of several cognitive and behavioral skills. Unlike other measures that focus on language specific to terms used in therapy, the CB-RSS was intended to tap the strategies in ways that might be understandable to those who had not undergone therapy. The measure was included in a clinical trial of cognitive-behavioral therapy for depression and completed by 325 participants at baseline and end of treatment (18 weeks). Psychometric properties of the scale were assessed through iterative exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. These analyses identified two subscales, cognitive and behavioral skills, each with high reliability. Validity was addressed by investigating relationships with depression symptoms, positive affect, perceived stress, and coping self-efficacy. End of treatment scores predicted changes in all outcomes, with the largest relationships between baseline CB-RSS scales and coping self-efficacy. These findings suggest that the CB-RSS is a useful tool to measure cognitive and behavioral skills both at baseline (prior to treatment) as well as during the course of treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)819-825
Number of pages7
JournalPsychiatry Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 9 2015


  • Development
  • Telehealth
  • Validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry


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