Creep and shrinkage prediction model for analysis and design of concrete structures: Model 83

Zdenek P. Bazant, Sandeep Baweja

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

186 Scopus citations


The present paper presents in chapter 1 a model for the characterization of concrete creep and shrinkage in design of concrete struch1res (Model B3), which is simpler, agrees better with the experimental data and is better theoretically justified than the previous models. The model complies with the general guidelines recently formulated by RILEM TC-1 07. Justifications of various aspects ofthe model and diverse refinements are given in Chapter 2, and many simple explanations are appended in the commentary at the end of Chapter 1 (these parts are not to be read by those who merely apply the model). The prediction model B3 is calibrated by a computerized databank comprising practically all the relevant test data obtained in various laboratories throughout the world. The coefficients of variation of the deviations of the model from the data are distinctly smaller than those of the latest CEB model (1990), and much smaller than those for the previous model inACI 209 (which was developed in the mid-1960s). The model is simpler than the previous models (BP and BP-KX) developed at Northwestern University, yet it has comparable accuracy and is more rational. The effect of concrete composition and design strength on the model parameters is the main source of error of the model. A method to reduce this enor by updating one or two model parameters on the basis of short -time creep tests is given. The updating of model parameters is particularly important for high-strength concretes and other special concretes containing various admixtures, superplasticizers, water-reducing agents and pozzolanic materials. For the updating of shrinkage prediction, a new method in which the shrinkage half-time is calibrated by simultaneous measurements of water loss is presented. This approach circumvents the large sensitivity of the shrinkage extrapolation problem to small changes in the material parameters. The new model allows a more realistic assessment ofthe creep and shrinkage effects in concrete structures, which significantly affect the durability and long-time serviceability of civil engineering infrastructure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Adam Neville Symposium
Subtitle of host publicationCreep and Shrinkage-Structural Design Effects
EditorsAkthem Al-Manaseer
PublisherAmerican Concrete Institute
Number of pages83
ISBN (Electronic)9780870316920
StatePublished - May 1 2000
Event1997 Adam Neville Symposium: Creep and Shrinkage-Structural Design Effects - Atlanta, United States
Duration: Nov 9 1997Nov 14 1997

Publication series

NameAmerican Concrete Institute, ACI Special Publication
ISSN (Print)0193-2527


Conference1997 Adam Neville Symposium: Creep and Shrinkage-Structural Design Effects
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • Concrete
  • Creep
  • Design
  • Drying
  • Extrapolation of short-time data
  • Mathematical models
  • Moisture effects
  • prediction
  • Shrinkage
  • Statistical variations
  • Viscoelasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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