This paper critically examines recent historical research which asserts that policing underwent a major transition from a “class-control” to a “crime-control” model during the late nineteenth century. The authors develop a revised conception of class control based on an expanded definition of public order offenses to test the alternative thesis that the major shift in policing primarily involved a change in the form of class control during the Progressive era. Using data on policing and arrest rates for Toronto from 1859 to 1955, the findings demonstrate that the focus of the police varied across different types of public order offenses revealing a sustained, but complex, pattern of class control.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sociology and Political Science