Criminology, Overview

Meredith M. Rountree*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter summarizes the historical evolution of theories of crime and criminology. In addition, it outlines the primary philosophies of punishment. It concludes by discussing emerging theories of crime control based on dignity, respect, and community.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict
PublisherElsevier Inc
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9780123739858
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008


  • Beccaria
  • Classical criminology
  • Community policing
  • Criminal sanctions
  • Criminology
  • Death penalty
  • Deterrence
  • Incapacitation
  • Lombroso
  • Positivism
  • Prison
  • Procedural justice
  • Rational choice theory
  • Restorative justice
  • Retribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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