Cronbach's, α Revelle's β and McDonald's ω H: Their relations with each other and two alternative conceptualizations of reliability

Richard E. Zinbarg*, William Revelle, Iftah Yovel, Wen Li

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

615 Scopus citations

Abstract

We make theoretical comparisons among five coefficients - Cronbach's α, Revelle's β, McDonald's ω h, and two alternative conceptualizations of reliability. Though many end users and psychometricians alike may not distinguish among these five coefficients, we demonstrate formally their nonequivalence. Specifically, whereas there are conditions under which α, β, and ω h are equivalent to each other and to one of the two conceptualizations of reliability considered here, we show that equality with this conceptualization of reliability and between α and ω h holds only under a highly restrictive set of conditions and that the conditions under which β equals ω h are only somewhat more general. The nonequivalence of α, β, and ω h suggests that important information about the psychometric properties of a scale may be missing when scale developers and users only report α as is almost always the case.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-133
Number of pages11
JournalPsychometrika
Volume70
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Applied Mathematics

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