Cryo-EM structure of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Rpd3L histone deacetylase complex

Avinash B. Patel*, Jinkang Qing, Kelly H. Tam, Sara Zaman, Maria Luiso, Ishwar Radhakrishnan*, Yuan He*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The Rpd3L histone deacetylase (HDAC) complex is an ancient 12-subunit complex conserved in a broad range of eukaryotes that performs localized deacetylation at or near sites of recruitment by DNA-bound factors. Here we describe the cryo-EM structure of this prototypical HDAC complex that is characterized by as many as seven subunits performing scaffolding roles for the tight integration of the only catalytic subunit, Rpd3. The principal scaffolding protein, Sin3, along with Rpd3 and the histone chaperone, Ume1, are present in two copies, with each copy organized into separate lobes of an asymmetric dimeric molecular assembly. The active site of one Rpd3 is completely occluded by a leucine side chain of Rxt2, while the tips of the two lobes and the more peripherally associated subunits exhibit varying levels of flexibility and positional disorder. The structure reveals unexpected structural homology/analogy between unrelated subunits in the fungal and mammalian complexes and provides a foundation for deeper interrogations of structure, biology, and mechanism of these complexes, as well as for the discovery of HDAC complex-specific inhibitors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3061
JournalNature communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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