Cryptogenic liver disease in HIV-seropositive men

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22 Scopus citations


Objectives: In the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), liver disease has become a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV-seropositive individuals. Although liver disease is commonly caused by viral co-infection, it has also been described in patients without viral hepatitis. In this study, we determined clinical factors associated with the development of cryptogenic liver disease in HIV-infected individuals. Methods: HIV-seropositive and -seronegative patients undergoing evaluation for liver transplantation were selected if they met clinical criteria for cryptogenic liver disease. Clinical data were collected retrospectively, and radiological and histological data were reviewed separately. Results: Nine HIV-seropositive individuals were compared with 41 HIV-seronegative patients with cryptogenic liver disease. Only one HIV-seropositive patient (11%) had cirrhosis, compared to 39 HIV-seronegative patients (93%) (P < 0.001). Three HIV-infected patients (33%) had histological evidence of nodular regenerative hyperplasia. HIV-seropositive patients had significantly lower body mass indices, and lower Child-Pugh-Turcotte and Model for Endstage Liver Disease scores than HIV-seronegative patients (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Advanced cryptogenic liver disease in HIV-infected patients is infrequently caused by cirrhosis, and more frequently by nodular regenerative hyperplasia. This disease entity may become more common in the HAART era, and may contribute to an increased morbidity in HIV-infected individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)447-453
Number of pages7
JournalHIV Medicine
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 23 2009


  • Cryptogenic cirrhosis
  • HIV
  • Nodular regenerative hyperplasia
  • Portal hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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