Crystallographic direct methods for surfaces

L. D. Marks*, N. Erdman, A. Subramanian

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


A brief review is given of the status of crystallographic direct methods for solving surface structure problems. The basic concepts of using the a priori information that the scattering comes from atoms to generate self-consistent equations and statistical constraints upon the phases are described. The use of a genetic algorithm to perform a search over possible phases is then discussed. Finally, solved cases in projection as well as the status of three-dimensional solutions for surfaces with a representative example are detailed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10677-10688
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Issue number47
StatePublished - Nov 26 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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