Crystallography and composition of some new potassium-neodymium silicates

Sossina M. Haile*, Bernhardt J. Wuensch, Robert A. Laudise, Robert Opila, Theo Siegrist, Bruce M. Foxman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hydrothermal methods have been used to synthesize a rich variety of K-Nd silicates as single crystals up to 3mm in length. The nutrient charges (usually glasses) had compositions close to the ideal phyllosilicate stoichiometry, Si2O52-. Eight phases, six of which have not previously been reported, were obtained at temperatures ranging 350-600°C and pressures 300-1400 bar. The composition of each phase was determined with electron microprobe analysis and confirmed, in some instances, by a crystal structure determination. The structure of the prototype compound, K3NdSi6O15, that had attracted our attention to the system as a source of potential fast-ion conductors, was refined to a residual of 8.2% using 1495 observed reflections, I ≥ 2σ(I), to 2θ = 60° with MoKα radiation. The structure, with 19 atoms in the asymmetric unit, contains a novel corrugated Si2O52- sheet with 4-, 6-, and 8-membered rings. The structure undergoes a reversible phase transformation at 180°C. A new phase K8Nd3Si12O32OH, triclinic, P1̄, a = 6.9660(6), b = 11.4550(10), c = 11.6070(10) angstrom, α = 87.677(8)°, β = 87.491(9)°, γ = 79.083(8)°, was determined with 5668 observable reflections and refined to a residual of 4.5%. The asymmetric unit of the structure contains 30 atoms that form a flat silica layer with 6-, 8-, and 12-membered rings. The new phase K3NdSi3O8(OH)2, refined to a residual of 4.80%, contains discrete trisilicate units, Si3O8(OH)26-. The set of phases that were synthesized were obtained as crystals large enough to permit measurement of ionic electrical conductivity along at least one crystallographic direction for six of the eight phases, and the full conductivity tensor for four phases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTransactions of the American Crystallographic Association
EditorsAdrian C. Wright
PublisherPubl by American Crystallographic Assoc
Pages77-94
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)0937140368
StatePublished - 1991
EventProceedings of the Symposium on The Structural Chemistry of Silicates - Toledo, OH, USA
Duration: Jul 22 1991Jul 24 1991

Publication series

NameTransactions of the American Crystallographic Association
Volume27
ISSN (Print)0065-8006

Other

OtherProceedings of the Symposium on The Structural Chemistry of Silicates
CityToledo, OH, USA
Period7/22/917/24/91

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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