CS-ToF: High-resolution compressive time-of-flight imaging

Fengqiang Li*, Huaijin Chen, Adithya Pediredla, Chiakai Yeh, Kuan He, Ashok Veeraraghavan, Oliver Strides Cossairt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Three-dimensional imaging using Time-of-flight (ToF) sensors is rapidly gaining widespread adoption in many applications due to their cost e ectiveness, simplicity, and compact size. However, the current generation of ToF cameras su ers from low spatial resolution due to physical fabrication limitations. In this paper, we propose CS-ToF, an imaging architecture to achieve high spatial resolution ToF imaging via optical multiplexing and compressive sensing. Our approach is based on the observation that, while depth is non-linearly related to ToF pixel measurements, a phasor representation of captured images results in a linear image formation model. We utilize this property to develop a CS-based technique that is used to recover high resolution 3D images. Based on the proposed architecture, we developed a prototype 1-megapixel compressive ToF camera that achieves as much as 4 × improvement in spatial resolution and 3 × improvement for natural scenes. We believe that our proposed CS-ToF architecture provides a simple and low-cost solution to improve the spatial resolution of ToF and related sensors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31096-31110
Number of pages15
JournalOptics Express
Issue number25
StatePublished - Dec 11 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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